Begu Kisan Andolan

Begu Kisan Andolan (बेगूँ किसान आंदोलन) - Some facts to remember:   
* Begu or Begun farmer's movement was one of the farmer's movements of Rajasthan during British Raj in India. Begun is a village in Chittorgarh district.
* It was a movement of peasants against high taxes by then Mewar government. This movement was started from Menal in 1921 where farmers gathered and decided for struggle against government for demad of implementing taxation system fair and reasonable. 
* Vijay Singh Pathik gave leadership of this movement to Ramnarayan Chaudhary. Later leadership of this movement was handed over to Vijay Singh Pathik...So Pathik and Choudhary both headed this movement 
* The farmers decided not to pay Lags and Begars(Taxes and labour work) as well as to boycott courts and govt. offices. In reaction govt. launched a operation of crushing movement against people. After 2 years a ageement was made between Rajasthan Sewa Sangh(a farmer's union) and Thakur Anup Singh but it was opposed by government naming it 'Bolshevik agreement' and a government appointed a government employee in the place of Thikanedar under its 'Munsarmat policy'.   
* Government sent Trench commission for the inquiry of demands of Bengun movement. Mr. Trench, head of the commission justified almost all taxes except small taxes. Later on 13 July 1923,Mr. Trench opened fire after lathicharge on a non-violent assembly of farmers. Rupaji and Kripaji, two farmers were dead. These are remembered as martyrs of Begun in history of Rajasthan.


Post a Comment